Schools today are complex organisations to manage. This is due to
the fact that we now recognise the difficulties of providing for a
wide range of abilities and interests amongst students, and the challenge
of providing them with relevant and useable skills for them to succeed
in an increasingly complex society. While in the past proficiency
and success in classroom teaching were important criteria for promotion,
today a wider range of skills are seen as necessary. Headship is now
seen to involve to a large extent the function of management.
For Educational Managers
As we suggested at the start of the general introduction, it is now
widely recognised and agreed that one of the key factors affecting
school effectiveness is the nature and quality of the leadership and
management provided by each school head. The purpose of this module
is to encourage primary and secondary heads to reflect on what they
do, and why, and how, and with what success, and to discover ways
in which they, themselves, might become better managers and thus be
responsible for more effective schools.
Individual study time: 22 hours
After working through this module you should be able to:
formulate a mission statement for your school and a set of objectives
indicate the values promoted by your school
identify the various styles of management open to a school head
identify how school programmes may be designed to meet the
needs of your staff and students, the community and the nation
understand the concepts of job analysis, job description and
manage your time more efficiently.
This module is divided into five units.
Unit 1: School mission, values and objectives
In this unit you will learn why and how your school should identify
its mission and its values, and how you may express these in terms
of practical objectives.
Unit 2: Styles of management
Here you will identify various management styles and how each is likely
to produce different results: this should enable you to reflect on
your own approach to school management and how you may improve it.
Unit 3: Needs identification
In planning the development of your school and the activities which
you organise there, it is important you recognise that many groups,
in addition to your pupils, have expectations and needs. In this unit
you will learn who these groups are and how you may recognise their
Unit 4: Job analysis
The purpose of this unit is to enable you to analyse the jobs of those
employed within your school, and to produce clear job descriptions
which enable everyone to understand their own roles and tasks, and
the relationships involved.
Unit 5: Time management
Time is the one resource we all have the same amount of, yet some
people use it far better than others. Through this unit you will learn
how to make the best use of your time as a school head.
This module was written by a team in Zimbabwe:
Mr R G Sisimayi
(Team Leader) Deputy Chief Education Officer, (Standards Control Unit
and Professional Administration)
Mr L C Bowora Deputy Regional Director (Primary), Harare Region
Mr T Benza Deputy Regional Director (Primary), Midlands Region
Mr L K C Dube Deputy Regional Director (Secondary), Masvingo Region
Mr E S Chigwedere Deputy Regional Director (Secondary), Mashonaland
Mr I Glover Head, Mount Pleasant School, Harare
Mr H J Ndanga Deputy Regional Director (Secondary), Midlands Region