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< prev - next > Waste management Health Care Waste Management in Developing Countries (Printable PDF)
Healthcare waste management in developing countries
Practical Action
External Links and References
This brief uses material from:
Adama S. (2003). Results of Waste Management in Africa 2003. Presentation at the Safari Park
Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, 18-20 September 2003
Ahmed R. (1997). Hospital waste management in Pakistan. Case study report, UWEP, Gouda,
The Netherlands
Batterman S. (2004). Findings on an Assessment of Small-scale Incinerators for Health-care
Waste. WHO, Geneva, Switzerland.
Di Bella V., Ali S. M. & Vaccari M. (2011) Constraints to healthcare waste treatment in low-
income countries a case study from Somaliland. Waste Management & Research. Accepted,
in press
Picken D. J. (2004) Emissions Tests on De Montfort Medical Waste Incinerators.
Picken D. J. (2007). De Montfort medical waste incinerators.
Taylor E. (2003). Rapid Assessment of Small-scale Incinerators: Kenya, Final Draft
WHO (1999). Safe management of wastes from health-care activities:
WHO (2005). Managing Health Care Waste Disposal Guidelines on how to construct, use and
maintain a waste disposal unit. WHO, Washington, USA
WHO (2011). Safe health-care waste management Policy paper:
Sources of Further information
WASTE Netherlands
WHO Healthcare waste
Bio-Medical Waste Management film by Toxics Link
Biomedical Waste Treatment (India)
Medical Waste (Cambodia)
Eco-Scan Medical Waste (Kenya)
Medical Waste Disposal Unit Liberia
4 tons of medical waste dumped at local landfill (USA)
Medical Waste Disposal (Kenya)
Hospital Waste to Non-Hazardous Building Blocks
Veronica Di Bella is Assistant Consultant for Low-Carbon Development and
Disaster Risk Reduction at IMC Worldwide Ltd, London, UK. Her consultancy
experience is in Africa, Asia and Latin America. She has completed her PhD in
Appropriate Methods and Technologies for International Development Co-
operationat University of Brescia (Italy), focussing on solid waste management in
low and middle income countries. She also developed part of her research at
WEDC (Water, Engineering and Development Centre), Loughborough University,
Practical Action
The Schumacher Centre
Rugby, Warwickshire, CV23 9QZ
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0)1926 634400
Fax: +44 (0)1926 634401
Practical Action is a development charity with a difference. We know the simplest ideas can have the
most profound, life-changing effect on poor people across the world. For over 40 years, we have been
working closely with some of the world’s poorest people - using simple technology to fight poverty and
transform their lives for the better. We currently work in 15 countries in Africa, South Asia and Latin