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Additives to clay - Organic
Practical Action
References and further reading
Clay as a Binder Practical Action Technical Brief
Mud as a Mortar Practical Action Technical Brief
Mud Plasters and Renders Practical Action Technical Brief
Additives to Clay: Minerals and Synthetic Additives Practical Action Technical Brief
Earth Construction, Practical Action Publishing, 1994. ISBN: 9781853391934
Building with Earth CRATerre, Mud Village Society, Delhi, India, 1990.
Building with Earth, A handbook Second Edition, John Norton, Practical Action Publishing,
1997.ISBN 9781853393372
Soil Preparation Equipment (product information), GTZ
Earth building materials and techniques, Select Bibliography, CRATerre, GTZ, 1991.
The Basics of Compressed Earth Blocks, CRATerre, GTZ, 991.
Appropriate Building Materials, A Catalogue of Potential Solutions, R. Stulz, K. Mukerji,
Practical Action Publishing/SKAT, 1993 ISBN 9781853392252
Stabilization of Clay Soils by Portland Cement or Lime - A Critical Review of Literature, S.
Bhattacharja, J.I. Bhatty & H.A. Todres, Portland Cement Association, Research &
Development Information, Serial No. 2066, 2003,
Compressed Earth Blocks: Vol. 1, Manual of Production, Vince Rigassi, CRATerre-EAG, GTZ,
Maison Levrat (Parc Fallavier)
B. P. 53, F-38092 Villefontaine -CEDEX
Tel: +33 474 954391
Fax: +33 474 956421
CRATerre is the international centre for earth construction at the school of Architecture in
Auroville Earth Institute
Auroshilpam, Auroville 605 101,
T.N. India
Tel: +91 413 262 3064 / 262 3330
Fax: +91 413 262 2886
This technical brief was originally prepared for basin, Building Advisory Service
and Information Network.
For further information contact:
Practical Action
The Schumacher Centre
CV23 9QZ
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0)1926 634400
Fax: +44 (0)1926 634401
This Technical Brief is possible thanks to the collaboration of DFID-UK and The Tony Bullard Trust.
Practical Action is a development charity with a difference. We know the simplest ideas can have the
most profound, life-changing effect on poor people across the world. For over 40 years, we have been
working closely with some of the world’s poorest people - using simple technology to fight poverty and
transform their lives for the better. We currently work in 15 countries in Africa, South Asia and Latin